A Guided Tour to a historic site of Kumano-jinja Kofun Shrine Tomb and a visit to an old house along the Kyu Koshu-kaiodo Ave.
On October 23rd, 2018 we gathered in front of Nishifu Station for another interesting guided tour.
Kumano-jinja Kofun Shrine Tomb
We started with Musashifuchu-Kumanojinja Kofun Shrine Tomb mound, which consists of two lower stages in square shape and one upper in circular shape, and 3 stone chambers.
Its shape, known as “Joen-kaho-fun” (a tomb mound which has two stages, upper shape of circular and lower of square), is very rare even in Japan.
Almost no relics were excavated due to grave robbing and others, but a metal tip attached to a sword case was excavated.
The construction of the tomb mound supposedly dates back to the middle or the latter half of the 7th century, based on the grounds of the shape of the stone chamber and characteristics of the metal tip.
Fuchu city has four tomb mounds.
This mound is so special because it is the biggest and the oldest in Japan built in “Joen-kaho-fun” shape, made of stones and with a stone roof.
Moreover, since the tomb mound is one of the largest in Musashi-no-kuni area of this period and it has a large-sized stone chamber, it is likely that the buried person was one of the most powerful chieftain in Musashi-no-kuni Province.
There is a life-size model of the stone chamber of the tomb in the pavilion next to the shrine and we were able to enter and realize the actual size and the inside of it.
They also have an exhibition of the excavated goods.
Directions: 2-9 Nishifu-cho, Fuchu, Tokyo
When we left the tomb, we went to the intersection on the left and we saw an ‘All-Night Lamp at Honjuku Village’, which was erected in 1792 as the area had suffered from repeated fires and poor access to water, and it was set as an object of faith of the Akiha Gongen - a god associated with protection against fires.
Directions: 2-22-22 Honshuku-cho, Fuchu, Tokyo
After walking for a while we saw a roofed, wooden gate leading to an old house on the side of the Kyukoshu-kaido Ave. It was our first time to see such a splendid gate.
The Naito Family residence
The residence belonged to the Naito family who were the head of the local village. Until mid-1950s, the place was a family business and a soy sauce shop.
The inside of the house
This wonderful mansion was called ‘a house of 200 tsubo on the site of 3,000 tsubo’ (tsubo is a traditional unit of area, approx. 3.31 square meters).
Directions: 3-20 Miyoshi-cho, Fuchu, Tokyo
From there we walked to the Sengen Shrine, which is a type of Shinto Shrine centered on the worship of the ‘Kami’ (god) of volcanos in general, and Mount Fuji in particular.
Next to the shrine, there are one of the oldest and most mysterious memorial stones.
Directions: 3-42-2 Miyoshi-cho, Fuchu, Tokyo
Tennogu Yakumojinja Shrine
When we arrived at the next place, we were surprised that the date Tennogu Yakumojinja Shrine was created is still unknown.
However, behind the shrine, there is Tennozuka Kofun Tomb dating back to the late 6th century.
The inside of the shrine
In front of the gate there once was the Ko Kamakura-kaido (old Kamakura road).
Moreover, a stone monument bearing an inscription from the Genou era (1319) exists in the grounds of the shrine, therefore, it is believed that the shrine was built a long time ago.
Directions: 1-18-5 Bubai-cho, Fuchu, Tokyo
Going closer to Bubaigawara Station, we saw a hill.
This hill is called Takakurazuka Kofun Tomb and it was designated as a historic site in Fuchu City in October 2001 as a valuable ancient tomb where the mound and the circumferential groove remain.
There were 30 burial mounds called “Takakura Kofun Gun” (a group of Kofun Tombs).
Takakurazuka Kofun Tomb is located in the center of this group.
Since the Middle Ages, it has been carefully protected as a subject of faith.
Directions: 1-11 Bubai-cho, Fuchu, Tokyo
Statue of Yoshisada Nitta
Our tour ended by the statue of Yoshisada Nitta on horseback in front of Bubaigawara Station. In 1333 he led the anti-shogunate imperial forces against the forces of the Kamakura Shogunate. It was one of the most important events in the history of Fuchu and it led to the end of the Kamakura Period (1185-1333). As a mysterious person who established a new era, Yoshisada Nitta’s sculpture was created in 1988 by a sculptor - Tominaga Naoki.
Directions: 3-29-2 Katamachi, Fuchu, Tokyo
We look forward to the next guided tour!